A Guide to Common Skin Types and How to Care for Them


The surface of your skin covers the entirety of your body. Your skin can affect your appearance, and people can take one glance to make judgements about your health, age, ethnicity, and other things. If you want to make a good impression on other people and maintain clear skin that looks young and healthy, you’ll need to learn how to take care of your skin.

Following the right skin care routine steps ensures that your skin stays supple, healthy and clear. When you don’t protect your skin, it becomes prone to sunlight, dirt, debris, and other things that can damage it. Skincare protection can add an extra layer of protection and can slow down the progression of ageing. It’s a good thing that there are thousands of skincare product types to choose from.

How does one go about building a skincare routine? If you’ve done your research, you’d know that there’s no “one size fits all” answer. This is because there are several skin types that you can fall under. What type of skin you have can drastically affect the skincare routine that you need.

A guide to the skin types

Have you ever had a friend or relative recommend to you a specific facial skin care product, only for it to have no effect on your skin (or worse, negatively affect it)? If so, a simple answer may be that the skincare product that they recommended to you is not supposed to be used on your skin type. Having a different skin type from your friend means that your skin may react differently to the same chemicals in that product.

Skin can be classified into many categories, but let’s take a look at some of the most common skin types that most people fall under. This can help you determine broad skin care routine steps for you to follow.

Normal skin

Take a look at your skin and recall the types of past skincare issues you’ve had. Is your skin clear and never feels excessively oily or dry? If so, your skin type is normal (or resilient, as it’s also called). You’re lucky because your skin can tolerate a wide variety of skincare, from acidic to alcoholic to fragrant products without receiving common side effects such as itchiness or inflammation. You can even use oil-based products with minimal risk of breakouts.

Oily skin

Those with oily skin types have overactive oil-producing glands (called sebaceous glands) that can create a greasy film or shine on the face. The natural oils that your skin secretes are supposed to hydrate and protect the face, but too much of it can clog your pores. This can lead to acne breakouts and other skin issues. Beauty for oily skin means having to wash your face to remove the excess oils and prevent clogged pores.

On the other hand, oily skin does mean you don’t need to moisturise as much. Oily skin also tends to age much better than other skin types.

Dry skin

Does your skin tend to feel tight after a long day outside? Do you experience flakiness or rough skin in particularly hot and dry weather? If so, you may just have dry skin. Dry skin can feel pretty uncomfortable and itchy. Dry skin can also redden and age easily. It’s the opposite of oily skin– where oily skin produces too much of it, dry skin produces too little. Your skin needs more moisture to reduce flaking and itchiness. Your facial skin care needs moisturisers, hydrating skincare products, and thick creams to soothe it.

Don’t worry, there are a few upsides. You tend to experience fewer acne breakouts than other types of skin. Also, you might want to check your previous skincare routine. Certain products, such as alcohol-based ones, can cause dry skin.

Combination skin

Combination skin can sound like the worst of both worlds. It’s a skin type that refers to when your skin has characteristics of two or more skin types. People with this skin can feel greasy in certain areas, and dry in others, and can be influenced by external elements such as the types of beauty products for your skin or the weather.

Those with combination skin types may notice that the T-zone on their face (the forehead, nose, and chin) tends to be oily, while the surrounding parts of their skin like the cheeks tend to be dry. Pay attention to how your skin feels before applying any cosmetics or skincare products to your skin. You might need different products for different areas.

Sensitive skin

This type of skin might feel like dry skin but dial it up to eleven. In addition to dryness or flaking, does your skin ever turn red easily, feel like it’s burning or itching, or develop any bumps? If so, you might just have sensitive or reactive skin. Facial skin care for sensitive skin can be very tricky to pull off because your skin might react to the different chemicals in the products. Thus, you need to figure out which products are safe to use for your skin.

There are several possible causes for sensitive skin. It can be due to genetics, allergies, outside factors, or even another underlying skin condition. Consult your doctor first if you believe you have sensitive skin.

Aged skin

Finally, the last common skin type is aged or mature skin. Those with mature skin show signs of ageing such as wrinkles, sun spots, fine lines, and more. Skin usually becomes drier and more sensitive as you age, so people with this skin type should look for skincare products fit for dry skin types.

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